He claimed in a function arranged at Kolkata, that his ancestors bearing surname Bandyopadhyaya, migrated from Bengal to Tehri, some years ago.
The Chipko movement was started by Mr. Sundarlal Bahuguna in Tehri-Garhwal district of Uttaranchal against ruthless felling of trees and destruction of forests by contractors. The movement gathered momentum in when the women faced police firings and other tortures. Though the objectives of the movement were broad based, the main objective was to protect the trees on the Himalayan slopes from the axes of contractors of forest.
The movement was organized to oppose the ruthless destruction of nature to achieve short term gains.
Mr Bahuguna emphasized the importance of trees in environment which check the erosion of soil, cause rains and provide pure air. The women of Advani village of Tehri-Garhwal tied the sacred thread around trunks of trees and they hugged the trees, hence it was called Chipko Movement When anybody tried to cut trees villagers faced police firing and later courted arrest in February He emphasized that every standing green tree in the forest protects us from avalanches and landslides, purifies our atmosphere, saves our soil, water and other components of environment.
Chipko Movement is now a movement for planting of food, fuel, fibre, fodder and fertilizer yielding trees to make the people self-sufficient in all their basic needs. It would generate a decentralized and long term policy which will conserve the environment and bring everlasting peace, prosperity and happiness to mankind.
Mr Bahuguna took this mission along with his dedicated workers and marched 3, km from Srinagar Garhwal to Siliguri. Bahuguna has focussed public attention for protection and conservation of forests which were being destroyed due to construction of Tehri Dam. Tehri Dam on the Bhagirathi Ganga in Uttaranchal at the foot hills of Himalayas is big project of billions of rupees.
The dam has displaced 85, people and has submerged the Tehri town and villages. The site is prone to intense seismic activity. The 3, million tonnes of water could cause a major earth tremor. In the event of a disaster, Deoprayag, Haridwar and Rishikesh would be divested and thousands of acres of agricultural land will be submerged The efforts were made to pressurize Government of India to stop further construction of this dam because this dam could destroy the forests, wildlife, tribal habitation and disturb the ecosystem of that area.
It is unfortunate that the construction of Tehri dam completed and has started functioning. Much ecological damage is apparent. Bahuguna to get experience of this movement.
When the axe men come, the people form circle around the trees and they embrace the trees. This has given the movement its name Chipko Andolan, the tree hugging movement. All commercial green tree feelings should be stopped forthwith.
No new contracts should be entered by forest departments with the industrialists to supply raw materials and old contracts should be revised, especially those made for long-term supply of raw materials at cheap rates. Pine trees damaged due to extraction of resin should be given rest for a period of 10 years.
A massive programme for setting up biogas plants, especially in the lower region be taken up. Night soil and other refuge of the cities be utilized by bio-gas industries. Every water source should be trapped to generate hydroelectric power.
People should be encouraged to set up their community power houses. Plantation of the trees for food, fodder, fuel, fertilizer etc. All branches of forest department should be integrated into one. At a later stage integration of Agriculture, Horticulture and Forest department should be considered into one Land Use Dept.
Foot-marches should be organized in all districts to create general awareness in public regarding protection of environment. In Chipko Movement there is greater people participation for soil, conservation and plant protection. The rural people have preferred their own priorities.
Conservation work first began in the Chipko villages not for protecting trees but walls were built around agricultural fields to protect from wild animals. The grasses grew rapidly in the protected area n the fields men this benefit became clear to women, they began to organize themselves for protecting and afforesting other patches of common lands.
While trees take -any years to bear fruit, grasses grow faster in a protected area and can provide fodder in few months. The Chipko women have devised a simple way for sharing this produce. The head of the village Mahila Mangal Dal announces once a month a particular day on which one member from each family can take away as much grass as she can.
Thus the role of women in ecological regeneration is very significant. Today many voluntary organizations in the country are involved in environmental issues although their objects are different. Some have aim in preventing deforestation, while other are interested in afforestation.
Some are interested to prevent the construction of dams.
Some prevent water and air pollution.The Chipko movement In the s, an organized resistance to the destruction of forests spread throughout India and came to be known as the Chipko movement. The name of the movement comes from the word 'embrace', as the villagers hugged the trees, .
The Chipko movement or Chipko Andolan was a forest conservation movement where people clung onto trees to prevent them from being cut. Chipko-type movements date back to AD when in Khejarli village of Rajasthan, Bishnois sacrificed their lives to save khejri trees.
The chipko movement or chipko andolan was a forest conserving movement in india. It began in by sunderlal bahuguna in uttar pradesh and became a rallying point . The Chipko movement or Chipko Andolan was a forest conservation movement where people embraced the trees to prevent them from being cut.
It began in April in Reni village of Chamoli district Uttrakhand and went on to become a rallying point for many future environmental movements all over the regardbouddhiste.com created a precedent for starting of nonviolent protest in India, and its success meant.
The Chipko movement or Chipko Andolan is a movement that practiced the Gandhianmethods of satyagraha and non-violent resistance.
This is mainly done through the act of hugging trees to protect them from being cut down. Short note on Chipko Movement Category: History of India On March 19, By Rahul Kakkar Environmental movements like Chipko have become historical landmarks because the ecological insights and political and moral strengths of women have fueled them.