How to Write a Summary of an Article? Principle and Practise of Management International Case:
The project manager must keep up with the changes in management practices and technology. Technology projects are relatively complex as they bring difficulties from technology, people, tasks and management.
Cleland and King suggested that the managers of complex projects should possess the following attributes: Knowledge of Technology in relation to project products Understanding of the concepts of Management Interpersonal Styles to get things done Ability to see the project as an open system and understand the external internal interactions And the fifth point could be to understand the people and social context in which the project will operate.
Why knowledge of Technology is important?
The Project Manager is not expected to have a detailed understanding of the technology, however it is important that he or she understands at the high level the technical solution and the technology involved. The meaning is simple, a construction project manager who should not manage IT projects.
Even though an IT infrastructure project manager should not manage a development project unless spends time to grasps the technology involved, stages of development and the solution. In such situations, it is helpful to get hold of the technical solution and understand fully what technology is used and the risks involved.
In short, a project manager is accountable for the technical credibility.
They need to be able to mobilize technology and resources in efficient way to achieve task completion and high performance. They do this through the basic process of management- planning, organizing, leading and controlling P-O-L-C.
Through planning, the manager sets the objectives and determines what actions should be taken to accomplish them. The plans drawn will fail if the proper implementation is not organized. This requires assigning tasks, allocating resources, and arranging activities to implement the plans.
Through organizing, the manager brings plans to action. Through Leading, they maintain commitment to the organization vision and enthusiasm within teams to carryout the tasks, provide proper direction and keep the tasks aligned to the organizational goals.
Through controlling, the manager will measure the success and failure of the implementation of the plans, evaluate the performance, develop improvement strategies and plans and take corrective actions. They remain in contact with the team members through out the task execution and collect reports on performance for actions and change to the existing plans.
The above management process is a very broad description of what a manager should use in order to manage. However, these broad classifications should be further fragmented into daily activities.
Henry Mintzberg outlined that a manager on day to day basis manages information, people and action within and outside the business unit or organization. The project manager has certain positional powers when he is dealing with situations that are internal to the organization, hence he has better control over the activities and can directly influence them.
These differences become quite evident in the figure provided here. These underlying concepts remain same for project management but adjusted as suitable. Every project is deemed to have at least two stages: The development stage would use the defining PD — Project Definition and Planning processes; however implementation stage would use Organizing, Controlling and Closing processes.
Each of these processes would have tasks and deliverable. These are depicted in summary as below based on PMI standard: Essential qualities of a Project Manager The project manager should be at the least an effective communicator and team manager.
He or she should be able to: Listen others and provide feedback Select right people Delegate tasks and manage the team effectively Build trust and confidence Know what is required and when Persistently approach to obtain information and timely communicate Negotiate with the project teams, client and suppliers The style of the project manager should be task and people oriented.
Projects are open systems A system by definition is a set of interrelated components that accepts inputs and produces outputs in a purposeful manner. Projects operate within an organization and have defined boundary of what lies within and outside.
The boundary helps to define the scope of the project and often has an interaction with the external entities. This is why they are called open systems. The changes from outside of the project boundary can have impact on the project scope. Thus, this external linkage is important.• Understand basic management principles applying to individuals, small and large organizations • Grasp the basics of management functions • Appreciate the ideal characteristics of a good manager • See the importance of knowledge of self when viewing management skills.
IBM Management Principles & Practices For nearly 90 years now, IBM chairmen have defined and communicated the principles by which IBMers should manage the business, conduct themselves, direct their activities, guide their employees, and work with each other, their customers and their communities.
The knowledge management best practices summary below will cover all the categories mentioned above.
Determining the Organization's Knowledge and Know-how: Knowledge Discovery and Detection: Refers to the processes of identifying existing knowledge sources, as well as discovering hidden knowledge in data and information.
These Best Practice Principles for Risk Assessment and Safety Planning should underpin nursing practice and will improve the quality and safety of care provided to service users and their families Principle 2: A trusting relationship between the service user and all those involved in providing their care is the best foundation for effective.
PROJECT SMART is the project management resource that helps managers at all levels improve their performance.
We provide an important knowledge base for those involved in managing projects of all kinds. With weekly exclusive updates, we keep you in touch with the latest project management . Strategic management principle concerns itself with the planning of effective strategies for a business organization.
Effective strategy itself starts with the conceptualization of the long .