The root words are archein, which means "original or old"; and typos, which means "pattern, model or type". The combined meaning is an "original pattern" of which all other similar persons, objects, or concepts are derived, copied, modeled, or emulated.
He had no job, no housing, and no clue how to survive. An Orthodox priest helped him find families to take him in for several weeks at a time. Last summer, after finally surmounting the formidable bureaucratic and financial obstacles required to secure a government ID, he landed Orphan care essay first job as a grocery store clerk.
Invasive investigations of women were conducted at workplaces and elsewhere to track their individual progress in making babies.
The government pledged to raise the children whose parents were too poor or incapable of caring for them. Some women never wanted the children they had been ordered to conceive in the first place and were happy to offload them.
But many thought their babies would have a better life if given up—or that they had the option of collecting them later if they found the means to properly care for them. The legacy of this nightmare is very much present in Romania today—and is one of the reasons, nearly twenty-five years after the death of Ceausescu and the bizarre and brutal system he created, that so many Romanian children continue to be abandoned while adult survivors struggle to make a life.
A lingering social welfare mentality, coupled with lack of progressive approaches to education, a struggling economy, and halfhearted commitment to rule of law, pressurize the situation.
He and fellow orphans tell stories of having their few pieces of food stolen by older bullies, who also pitted the younger kids against each other in fistfights for entertainment. Some talked of being sent on missions in search of cigarettes, scaling the fences around the institutions, stealing from shops, and sometimes sleeping in random cars on the street.
There was little supervision.
Abuse and disease were rampant. Most of the lucky ones found homes abroad, when thousands of Americans and Europeans flocked to Romania in the s to adopt, after catching glimpses of the tragic situation through television and newspaper reports. Those who found homes with families, in Romania or abroad, have fared better, as numerous studies have shown, than those like Ierusalim who remained warehoused in the system.
But few abandoned children escaped untouched by their initial neglect. American and Romanian researchers have been collaborating on a long-term study, based in Bucharest, investigating the effects of living in an institution in comparison to a family setting.
Living in an institution, the Bucharest Early Intervention Project BEIP has found, has significant negative effects on brain development, behavior, and psychological functions.
For example, the IQs of children placed in foster care prior to turning two were significantly higher than IQs of those placed after age two.
And language development reaches a key point at fifteen months. As their research moves ahead, examples of the ill effects of institutionalization and abandonment continue to appear. Daniel, twenty-three, was adopted by a Connecticut couple from an orphanage in Transylvania at the age of one.
Despite the fact that his stay in a cramped maternity hospital with little stimulation or affection was relatively short, he has been diagnosed with mental health issues, including anxiety and schizoaffective disorder. He experiences delusions and drastic mood swings.
But if institutionalized children are moved into families early enough, some of the ill effects of neglect in these first years of life can be reversible.
They developed greater attachment to caregivers, exhibited less anxiety and depression, showed improvements in language skills, and had increased brain activity.
Fewer abandoned Romanian children are living in institution-like settings today than during the Ceausescu years. Since the early s, several NGOs have worked with the government to close down many of the larger, notorious orphanages.
The most recent government data indicate that more than twenty thousand Romanian children live in foster care. The system is based on the French model: Child welfare workers in Romania debate about whether foster parents choose this path for love or for money.
In many smaller cities and more rural areas, jobs are scarce and foster parenting is one of few options. The plan provided goods, like a washing machine or materials to build a house, to families on a case-by-case basis in return for accepting their child back home.
Most of the families are extremely poor, often living in cement-block homes with no electricity, running water, or indoor plumbing.1. How does Genzyme’s focus on orphan drugs affect the degree of competition it faces? How does it affect the bargaining power of customers?
For a drug to qualify as an ‘orphan drug’, a disease must only afflict less than , people worldwide. From this we can understand that Genzyme. Nov 12, · From adopting a son to creating an international organization providing foster care in developing nations.
Essay First One Orphan, Then Many More My vision was to raise orphaned . Disclaimer: regardbouddhiste.com is an custom paper writing service company that writes custom essay papers, custom dissertation papers, custom term papers, custom thesis papers, custom research papers, project proposals, homework help, assignments, and other custom papers for revision purposes.
However, the custom papers may be used when well. ORPHAN CARE: BUDDHISM, STATE, AND THE POLITICS OF RESPONSIBILITY IN LATE-SOCIALIST VIETNAM1 Dat Nguyen Department of Anthropology Boston University Since the neoliberal economic reforms of , Vietnam has achieved remarkable social and economic developments.
The 12 Common Archetypes By Carl Golden. The term "archetype" has its origins in ancient Greek. The root words are archein, which means "original or old"; and typos, which means "pattern, model or type".The combined meaning is an "original pattern" of which all other similar persons, objects, or concepts are derived, copied, modeled, or .
Orphanet Journal of Rare Diseases is an open access, peer-reviewed journal that encompasses all aspects of rare diseases and orphan drugs. The journal publishes high .