Ancient china writing and literature of mesopotamia

Visit Website Agricultural progress was the work of the dominant Ubaid culture, which had absorbed the Halaf culture before it. Uruk was the first of these cities, dating back to around B. Sumerians are also responsible for the earliest form of written language, cuneiform, with which they kept detailed clerical records.

Ancient china writing and literature of mesopotamia

The political, economic and intellectual outlooks of these ancient peoples say a lot about their ways of life. The religious views of Egypt and Mesopotamia were rather different. Politics The political thinking of these ancient civilizations definitely had their differences and also their similarities.

Mesopotamia Mesopotamia was divided into city-states. They saw each city-state as a divine copy of heaven on earth. They viewed kingship as divine in origin. One could also view Mesopotamia as a primitive democracy. They had a consul responsible for everyday affairs and a government to administer the laws.

The king Hammurabi of Mesopotamia wrote down a code of law. The Code of Hammurabi was harsh and made many distinctions between the classes.

Egypt In ancient Egypt, the king was the supreme ruler of the country and was known as a pharaoh.

ancient china writing and literature of mesopotamia

He was also the highest level spiritual leader. The Egyptians believed that the office of pharaoh was divine. The reigning king was viewed as a god. Under the king was the vizier who Sorry, but full essay samples are available only for registered users Choose a Membership Plan ran parts of the government on behalf of the king.

Egypt was divided into provinces and each province was headed by a governor. China The political institution of ancient China was the city-state. The Shang kings possessed political, economic and religious authority. Kings were not considered divine but were high priests of the state.

The Chou continued the Shang pattern of living. Each of these civilizations had very similar political systems.

They all had kings, governments, religions and a social structure. Each of them started off rather similar and then developed into civilizations with rather different political systems. Economics The economies of these ancient civilizations were very similar. Mesopotamia The economy Mesopotamia was a combination of agriculture, business and trade.Aug 21,  · Babylonia was a state in ancient Mesopotamia.

The city of Babylon, whose ruins are located in present-day Iraq, was founded more than 4, years . Cuneiform writing was around for thousands of years until it was replaced by the Phoenician alphabet near the end of the neo-Assyrian Empire.

Hieroglyphics was invented in Ancient Egypt about the same time as cuneiform in Mesopotamia, but scientists believe that cuneiform came first.

Cuneiform was a major accomplishment of the people of ancient Mesopotamia, and was the first style of writing on the earth. Literature: The Epic of Gilgamesh was a story written in cuneiform about a the adventures of the ancient king of Uruk ( B.C.E.), who was two parts god and one part man.

The Sumerians created the world's first organized writing style, called Cuneiform. Cuneiform was created by pressing a wedge-shaped stylus into a clay tablet.

Different symbols represent different letters and . Literature in local languages is nonexistent, except for copies of ancient religious texts in cuneiform writing and fragments of Aramaic writing.

There were authors who wrote in Greek, but little of their work has survived and that only as excerpts in later works. FOR INFO ON THE ANCIENT RIVER VALLEY CIVILIZATIONS Tigris/Euphrates Rivers - The Fertile Crescent - Ancient Middle East The Nile River - Egypt Indus River Valley - India Yellow River - China.

Mesopotamia - Wikipedia